Surface was created in response to the experience of living, and making work, in and around the abandoned high desert homesteads of Wonder Valley, California.

During this period I gradually became aware that the impact of environmental processes was perceptible not just on the grand scale of the landscape in which I worked but also at the more intimate scale of the surfaces that surrounded me every day. Inspired by forensic pioneers like Reiss and Bertillon to peer in closer at these traces, I discovered a wholly new realm of time, transition and transformation that formed a link between the relic domestic scenarios of the homesteads and the landscape in which they were situated.