Surface was created in response to the experience of living, and making work, in and around the abandoned high desert homesteads of Wonder Valley, California.

I became aware that the transformative impact of environmental processes was perceptible, not just on the grand scale of the Valley or the domestic scale of the cabins, but also at a very intimate scale. By peering in closely at the surfaces of the Valley's abandoned structures and their associated objects I could experience a wholly new sense of time and transition.